VINO Reference Manual
Last update: November 12, 1997
hier - layout of filesystems
A sketch of the filesystem hierarchy.
/ root directory of the filesystem /bin/ user utilities fundamental to both single-user and multi-user environments /dev/ block and character device files /dev/MAKEDEV script for creating device files; see makedev(8) /dev/fd file descriptor files; see fd(4) /etc/ system configuration files and scripts /etc/localtime local timezone information; see ctime(3) /etc/disklabels/ backup disklabels; see disklabel(8) /etc/mtree/ mtree configuration files; see mtree(8) /etc/namedb/ named configuration files; see named(8) /etc/uucp/ UUCP configuration files /mnt/ empty directory commonly used by system administrators as a temporary mount point /sbin/ system programs and administration utilities fundamental to both single-user and multi-user environments /tmp/ temporary files (the contents of /tmp are usually NOT preserved across a system reboot) /usr/ contains the majority of user utilities and applications /usr/bin/ common utilities, programming tools, and applications /usr/contrib/ large packages contributed to Berkeley by outside parties /usr/games/ useful and semi-frivolous programs /usr/include/ standard C include files /usr/include/X11/ include files for X11 window system /usr/include/arpa/ C include files for Internet service protocols /usr/include/net/ misc network C include files /usr/include/netimp/ C include files for IMP protocols; see imp(4) /usr/include/netinet/ C include files for Internet standard protocols; see inet(4) /usr/include/netiso/ C include files for ISO standard protocols; see iso(4) /usr/include/netns/ C include files for XNS standard protocols; see ns(4) /usr/include/nfs/ C include files for NFS (Network File System) /usr/include/protocols/ C include files for Berkeley service protocols /usr/include/sys/ POSIX and BSD standard C include files /usr/include/vino/ VINO include files /usr/include/vino/arch/ architecture-specific C include files /usr/include/vino/graft Graft include files /usr/include/vino/sys VINO kernel include files /usr/lib/ archive libraries /usr/libdata/ misc. utility data files /usr/libexec/ system daemons & system utilities (executed by other programs) /usr/local/ local executables, libraries, etc. /usr/mdec/ boot blocks, etc. /usr/sbin/ system daemons & system utilities (executed by users) /usr/share architecture-independent data files /usr/share/calendar/ a variety of pre-fab calendar files; see calendar(1) /usr/share/dict/ word lists; see look(1) /usr/share/dict/words common words /usr/share/dict/web2 words from Webster's 2nd International /usr/share/dict/papers/ reference databases; see refer(1) /usr/share/dict/special/ custom word lists; see spell(1) /usr/share/doc/ misc documentation; src for most of the printed 4.3BSD manuals (available from the USENIX Association) /usr/share/games/ ascii text files used by various games /usr/share/man/ these manual pages /usr/share/me/ *roff macros for use with the me macro package /usr/share/misc/ misc system-wide ascii text files /usr/share/misc/termcap terminal characteristics database; see termcap(5) /usr/share/mk/ templates for make; see make(1) /usr/share/ms/ *roff macros for use with the ms macro package /usr/share/skel/ example . (dot) files for new accounts /usr/share/tabset/ tab description files for a variety of terminals; used in the termcap file; see termcap(5) /usr/share/tmac/ *roff text processing macros; see typesetting /usr/share/zoneinfo/ timezone configuration information; see tzfile(5) /usr/src/ VINO source tree /usr/src/libc/ Source for C standard library and other related kernel-dependent things /usr/src/tools/ Source for compiler and compiler tools /usr/src/utils/ Source for user-level utilities /usr/src/vino/ VINO kernel source /var/ multi-purpose log, temporary, transient, and spool files /var/account/ system accounting files /var/account/acct execution accounting file; see acct(5) /var/at/ timed command scheduling files; see at(1) /var/backups/ misc. backup files /var/db/ misc. automatically generated system-specific database files /var/games/ misc. game status and log files /var/log/ misc. system log files /var/log/wtmp login/logout log; see wtmp(5) /var/mail/ user mailbox files /var/preserve/ temporary home of files preserved after an accidental death of a vi-type editor; see vi(1) /var/quotas/ filesystem quota information files /var/run/ system information files describing various info about system since it was booted /var/run/utmp database of current users; see utmp(5) /var/rwho/ rwho data files; see rwhod(8), rwho(1), and ruptime(1) /var/spool/ misc. printer and mail system spooling directories /var/ftp/ commonly ~ftp; the anonymous ftp root directory /var/mqueue/ undelivered mail queue; see sendmail(8) /var/output/ line printer spooling directories /var/secretmail/ secretmail spool directory; see xget(1) /var/uucp/ uucp spool directory /var/uucppublic/ commonly ~uucp; public uucp temporary directory /var/tmp/ temporary files that are kept between system reboots /vino pure kernel executable (the operating system as loaded into memory at boot time).
A hier manual page appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.